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Pesticides authorised for use on rice

The consumption of rice accounts for 1% to 18% of the daily consumption of cereals (according to consumption data presented in Table 2 3). There is a production of rice in southern EU. However, about two-thirds of the rice consumed in the EU is imported. Most EU imports come from Thailand, India and Pakistan. Some of the rice produced in the EU, in particular round or medium-grain japonica rice, is exported (11). As mentioned earlier, the EU imports rice from countries outside the EU. It is therefore of interest to gain knowledge on use patterns not only within the EU but also from the countries exporting rice to the EU.

France and Italy are two of the producers of rice in the EU. Table 2 7 lists the pesticides authorised for use on rice in these two MS. The information on authorisations is from pesticide-online (13) for Italy and from a French governmental website (12). Primarily herbicides (H) are authorised for use on rice in these two MS. Only five insecticides and three fungicides are included on the list.

Table 2 7: Active compounds authorised for use on rice in France and Italy according to information available on a French governmental website (12) (9 Feb. 2011) and pesticides-online (27 July 2010), respectively. F: fungicide H: herbicide, I: insecticide.
Active compounds authorised for use on rice in FranceActive compounds authorised for use on rice in Italy
Alpha-cypermethrine (I)Bensulfuron-methyl (H)
Azimsulfuron (H)Benthiocarb (H)
Azoxystrobin (F)Cinosulfuron (H)
Bensulfuron-methyl (H) Dalapon (H)
Bentazone (H)Glyphosate (H)
Cycloxydime (H)Iprodione (glycophene) (F)
Cyhalofop butyl (H)MCPA (H)
Deltamethrine (I)Oxadiazon (H)
MCPA (H)Pendimethalin (penoxalin) (H)
Oxadiazon (H)Pirimiphos-methyl (I)
Penoxsulame (H)Pretilachlor (H)
Piperonyl butoxide (non PPP, I synergist)Propanil (H)
Pirimiphos-methyl (I)Propiconazole (F)
Sodium Trichloroacetate (H)Quinclorac (H)
Tebufenozide (I)Thiobencarb (H)
 Thiobencarb (H)

 

India has a governmental website which allows citizens to look for information on pesticide uses and recommended uses. Table 2 8 has been compiled from the information on this website. The list includes both active compounds included in lists of recommended uses (14) and active compounds listed as active compounds in products of major use (15). Active compounds stated in green occur both on the lists of recommended uses and lists of major uses. Active compounds stated in blue only occur on the lists of major uses. Active compounds stated in black only occur on the lists of recommended uses.

The list of pesticides which can be used on rice is significantly longer for rice growers in India (87 compounds) than in France and Italy (15-18 compounds). The list for India also includes many more insecticides and fungicides than for France and Italy. In July 2010 we received a list of active compounds authorised for use on rice in South Korea. This list includes 186 compounds. Since South Korea is not one of the primary suppliers of rice to the EU we have chosen not to present this list here, but it can be obtained by contacting the EURL for Cereals and Feeding Stuff.

 

Table 2 8: Active compounds recommended for use on rice and paddy in India according to information available on National Portal of India (14)(15 Feb. 2011) and active compounds listed as major uses on rice and paddy in India . Active compounds stated in green occur both on the lists of recommended uses and lists of major uses. Active compounds stated in Bold only occur on the lists of major uses. Active compounds stated in Italic only occur on the lists of recommended uses. F: fungicide H: herbicide, I: insecticide, PGR: plant growth regulator.
Active compound
2,4-D (H)Hexaconazole (F)
Acephate (I)Imidacloprid (I)
Aluminium phosphide (I)Iprodione (F)
Anilofos (H)Isoprothiolane (F)
Aureofungin (F)Kasugamycin (F)
Azadirachtin (I)Kitazine (F)
Benfuracarb (I)Kresoxim-methyl (F)
Bensulfuron methyl (H)Lambda-cyhalothrin (I)
Bispyribac Sodium (H)Lindane (I)
Bromadiolone (R) Malathion (I)
Buprofezin (I)Mancozeb (F)
Butachlor (H)MCPA (H)
Carbaryl (I)Metaldehyd (I)
Carbendazim (F)Methyl Bromide (I)
Carbofuran (I)Metsulfuron methyl (H)
Carbosulfan (I)Monocrotophos (I)
Carpropamid (F)Oxadiargyl (H)
Cartap (I)Oxadiazon (H)
Chlorantraniliprole (I)Oxydemeton methyl (I)
Chlorimuron Ethyl (H) Oxyflourfon (H)
Chlorpyriphos (I)Paraquat (H)
Cinmethylin (H)Parathion methyl (I)
Clomazone (H)Pencycuron (F)
Clothianidin (I)Pendimethalin (H)
Copper hydroxide (F)Phenthoate (I)
Cyhalofop (H)Phorate (I)
Cypermethrin (I)Phosalone (I)
Deltamethrine (I)Phosphamidon (I)
Dichlorvos (I)Pretilachlor (H)
Difenoconazole (F)Propiconazole (F)
Edifenphos (F) Propineb (F)
Endosulfan (I)Quinalphos (I)
Ethofenprox (I)Streptomycin Sulphate (Bactericide) +
Tetracycline Hydrochloride 90:10 (Bactericide)
Ethoxysulfuron (H)Tebuconazole (F)
Ethylene dichloride and Carbon tetrachloride (I)Thiachloprid (I)
Fenitrothion (I)Thiamethoxam (I)
Fenobucarb (I)Thifluzamide (F)
Fenoxaprop-p-ethyl (H)Thiram (F)
Fipronil (I)Triacontanol (PGR)
Flubendiamide(I)Triazophos (I)
Flufenacet (H)Tricyclazole (F)
Flusilazole (F)Validamycin (F)
Formothion (I)Zineb (F)
Gibberellic Acid (PGR) 


Find more information in the menu below:

Introduction to cereals and feeding stuff

Cereals

Consumption of cereals in the EU-member states

Pesticides authorised for use in cereals

Pesticides authorised for use on rice

Pesticides often found in cereals in the EU coordinated programme

Intake of pesticides from cereals

Feeding Stuff

Consumption of feeding stuff in EU

Composition of feed

Pesticides authorised for use in feeding stuff

Pesticides residues in animal feeding stuff

MRLs and toxicological data

Feasibility to include the pesticide in multiresidue methods

References

Download the Report "Cereals and feeding stuff - production, consumption and pesticides"

 


 

Published 13-10-2011, 09:21:31

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