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Supercritical Fluid Chromatography and Gas Chromatography Coupled to Tandem Mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of Pyrethroids in Vegetable Matrices: A Comparative Study

 M. Murcia-Morales, V. Cutillas,s and A. R. Fernández-Alba

Agrifood Campus of International Excellence (ceiA3), European Union Reference Laboratory for Pesticide Residues in Fruit and Vegetables, Department of Hydrogeology and Analytical Chemistry, University of Almería, Carretera Sacramento s/n, La Cañada de San Urbano, 04120 Almería, Spain

J. Agric. Food Chem. (2019) Publication Date (Web): May 7, 2019




This study describes a comprehensive comparison between supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) and gas chromatography (GC) coupled to mass spectrometry for the analysis of pyrethroids in vegetable matrices. The ionization process used was electrospray ionization (ESI) in SFC and electron ionization in GC. In general, liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry with ESI sources provides poor results for pyrethroid detection, as described in previous literature. A total of 14 pyrethroids were selected, together with 6 representative matrices. The differences in chromatographic separation and ionization process were assessed. Similar results were obtained in terms of sensitivity (limits of quantification close to 2 μg/kg, injecting the same amount of sample), matrix effect, and linearity. A total of 17 real samples were analyzed by both systems, obtaining similar results. These data suggest that SFC offers a suitable alternative to GC in the analysis of pyrethroids and allows for their inclusion in a wider multiresidue method.


© American Chemical Society


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Published 17-05-2019, 15:45:04

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