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Article - Overcoming matrix effects using the dilution approach in multiresidue methods for fruits and vegetables

C. Ferrer, A. Lozano, A. Agüera, A. Jiménez Girón, A.R. Fernández-Alba.

2011, Journal of Chromatography A, 1218, p: 7634- 7639


During recent years matrix effects in liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) have quickly become a major concern in food analysis. The phenomenon of ion suppression can lead to errors in the quantification of the analytes of interest, as well as can affect detection capability, precision, and accuracy of the method. Sample dilution is an easy and effective method to reduce interfering compounds, and so, to diminish matrix effects. In this work, matrix effects of 53 pesticides in three different matrices (orange, tomato and leek) were evaluated. Several dilutions of the matrix were tested in order to study the evolution of signal suppression. Dilution of the extracts led to a reduction of the signal suppression in most of the cases. A dilution factor of 15 demonstrated to be enough to eliminate most of the matrix effects, opening the possibility to perform quantification with solvent based standards in the majority of the cases. In those cases where signal suppression could not be reduced, a possible solution would be to use stable isotope-labelled internal standards for quantification of the problematic pesticides.

© 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author Keywords

Liquid chromatography coupled to tandem, mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), Pesticides, Matrix effect, Food analysis, Fruits and Vegetables, Dilutions.


If you want to obtain the full text document, please contact with us:

Octavio Malato: omalato@ual.es (+34) 950 214 423

Carmen Ferrer: cferrer@ual.es (+34) 950 014 102



Published 31-08-2011, 13:07:32

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