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Pesticide Residue Analysis in Fruit- and Vegetable-Based Baby Foods Using GC-Orbitrap MS

A. Lozano, S. Uclés, A. Uclés, C. Ferrer, A.R. Fernández-Alba

University of Almería, Department of Chemistry and Physics, Agrifood Campus of International Excellence (CeiA3), European Union Reference Laboratory for Pesticide Residues in Fruits and Vegetables, 04120 Almería, Spain



This paper presents an efficiency evaluation of GC coupled with quadrupole Orbitrap MS for identification and quantitation in the multiresidue pesticide analysis of baby foods in full-scan mode. The identification criteria were studied following SANTE guidelines (retention time, mass accuracy, and ion ratio), comfortably complying with the values established, even at 0.003 mg/kg. Method validation was carried out on 15 selected GC amenable pesticides covered by Commission Directive No. 2006/125/EC in three different baby food matrixes. Recovery studies were performed at 0.003 and 0.006 mg/kg, with 96% of the cases falling within the 70–120% range and with RSDs <15% for all the pesticides assayed. Linearity over 3 orders of magnitude was verified, with residuals <16% and correlation coefficient values >0.995. In general, matrix effect values were >100%. The LOQ was 0.003 mg/kg for 97% of the cases. The validated method was applied to 20 real baby food samples from Spain and to the European Union Proficiency Test FV-BF01 sample, in which the z-scores obtained were <1, thus demonstrating that this instrumentation has good quantitation capabilities.

This journal is © AOAC International


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Published 27-02-2018, 17:27:02

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